Extreme sports, sometimes referred to as action sports or adventure sports, are activities associated with the great outdoors. A level of inherent danger and risk is also included, hence their designation as ‘extreme’.
Many extreme sports are actually quite mainstream activities, these days, such as skateboarding and BMX trick riding. Other extreme sports have a more overt link with the great outdoors, such as forms of climbing or abseiling.
Many extreme sports stars, such as the climber Alain Robert, are famous across the world. They also display an inconoclasm which marks them out as rebels and outsiders, far more than athletes who compete in more conventional sports.
But extreme sports are not just for the foolhardy and crazily brave. Many ordinary people enjoy sports and activities of this nature, whether it be hang gliding off cliffs, or white water rafting down local rivers.